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Oracle 12.2 – how to get access to Enterprise Manager 12c Database Express

Today I have built in my OL 7.3 VM two container databases to verify the new feature in the Enterprise Manager 12c Database Express login screen where I can go direct into a container. The benefit is that I don’t have to set a separate port for each pluggable database anymore.

The DBCA has created me a fresh container database called ZH38 and a pluggable database ZHPDB01. I have enable the checkbox to configure EM 12c Database Express for Port 5501. After the database creation was finished, I was able to see the login screen, but the login was not possible. I got an XDB login prompt. SYS, SYSTEM and other users where I tried were not accepted.

I found  the solution in the Database 2 Day DBA Guide – http://docs.oracle.com/database/122/ADMQS/getting-started-with-database-administration.htm#ADMQS003 :

After the execution of this command in the CDB$ROOT container, logins into EM 12c Database Express of the CDB$ROOT and the pluggable database ZHPDB01 were possible. No restart of the container database was required. If once set, it works for all existing and new created pluggable databases, the PDB$SEED included.

If you want to disable this access method to a specific pluggable database, execute the command above with the FALSE flag.

How can you find out if the parameter is set? Thanks to my Trivadis collegue Philipp Salvisberg / https://www.salvis.com/blog who has provided me this PL/SQL code:

 

Summary: Do you have any problems with the new release? First read the new documentation.

Oracle 12.2 – New Features I like – Part 1: Multitenant “Hot Clones”

I like the Oracle Multitenant architecture which was introduced in 12.1. But the concept to clone a source database to multiple copies in a small step had one big problem.  In Oracle 12.1, to clone a pluggable database the source database had to be in state read-only.

In 12.2 is it not longer necessary to set the source pluggable database in state read-only, the source database has not to be modified to create a clone. Oracle calls it in the documentation “Hot Clone”.

Link to the official Oracle documentation: https://docs.oracle.com/database/122/ADMIN/creating-and-removing-pdbs-with-sql-plus.htm#ADMIN13584

Here is a clone of the pluggable database PDB1 into PDB2 in the Oracle Database Cloud Service.

Verify existing Pluggable Databases and States – PDB1 is in state READ-WRITE

Verify if Oracle Managed Files are in use

Using Oracle Managed Files makes the file name convert much easier. You don’t have to care about files and directories. Like the feature says, Oracle is managing that for you.

Create TEMP directory

Is it a bug or is it a feature? The directory for the temporary datafile will not be created, we have to do it manually.

Error message when the directory is not created in advanced when a clone is started:

Clone PDB1 into PDB2

Attention: Databases in the Oracle Database Cloud Service are created “Secure by Default”, that means that Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) is enabled. This is why I need the KEYSTORE INDENTIFIED BY command in line 6.

Verify PDB2 state

The cloned PDB2 is in state MOUNTED after the clone procedure.

Open PDB2

Now the pluggable database PDB2 is ready to use, just open it. For more information how TDE works in a multitenant environment (export key etc.) take a look here: http://docs.oracle.com/database/122/ASOAG/using-transparent-data-encryption-with-other-oracle-features.htm#ASOAG10353

 

 

 

Enterprise Manager 13cR2 – How to apply Patch 23094292: WLS PATCH SET UPDATE 12.1.3.0.160719

My fresh EM13cR2 installation showed me that there is a patch for the Weblogic environment available. This patch was released in July 2016: Patch Patch 23094292: WLS PATCH SET UPDATE 12.1.3.0.160719. This patchset has included 157 fixes and is a generic one. The patch is marked in My Oracle Support as recommended. OPatch has no to be updated. This patch is not an online patch, you have to shut down your running EM13cR2 server.

This blog post describes the apply of the Weblogic patch set update in an Enterprise Manager 13cR2 environment running on a Oracle Linux server.

patch_01

Prepare Patch Set Update on EM13c Server

The patch file has to be extracted. I have copied to file to my EM13cR2 server stage directory /u00/app/oracle/stage.

Set ORACLE_HOME

Set the ORACLE_HOME variable to the directory where the Oracle Enterprise Manager 13cR2 is located. In my example the EM13cR2 is installed in directory /u00/app/oracle/product/em13cr2.

Stop running Oracle Enterprise Manager 13c

Apply Patch 23094292: WLS PATCH SET UPDATE 12.1.3.0.160719

Go to the extracted patch set directory:

Apply the patch:

You can ignore the warning message, it’s because OPatch has to rollback a previous installed patch.

Start Oracle Enterprise Manager 13c

Summary

Like the patches which were released for Weblogic / Enterprise Manager before, the installation was very smooth. There were no problems and the EM13cR2 started well after the patch apply.